The Journal of Korean Society of Community-Based Occupational Therapy Vol.13 No.1 pp.1-11
Analysis of Changes in Time Use and Leisure·Life Satisfaction by Occupational Area according to the Aging of the Elderly
Key Words : Elder,Occupational Area,Life Satisfaction,Leisure Satisfaction
Objective : This study aimed to analyze changes in time use and leisure·life satisfaction by occupational area according to the aging of the elderly using the 2019 Living Time Survey data of the Korean Statistical Information Service. Methods : Those aged over 65 who responded to leisure and life satisfaction were extracted, excluding those who did not respond to the unemployed reason. The data of 7384 elderly people were analyzed. Occupational areas were classified using the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework–Fourth Edition, and the changes in time use and satisfaction according to aging were analyzed by dividing them into 65-74, 75-84, and 85 or loder. Results : As a resulf of analyzing the amount of time used by occupational area, the most time was used for rest and sleep, and the least time was used for education. With aging, the time used for Instrumental Activities of Daily Living decreased, while the time used for rest and sleep, and leisure increased. As a result of analyzing satisfaction, life satisfaction and leisure satisfaction were the highest among those aged 85 or older. Conclusion : With aging, time for outdoor and dynamic activities decreased, and time for indoor activities, rest and sleep, and leisure increased. It will be possible to maintain the occupational balance and achieve healthy aging by checking the status of the elderly's time use and satisfaction by occupational area.